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Fact Sheets

November 2016
The Ecology of Wolves and Fear-Based Mythology of Wolves fact sheets remain pertinent.  

Since November 2012, advances have been made through trial and error in Non-Lethal Alternatives to Take.  Given new technology, ranchers are making agreements with the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service in the northern United States to receive coordinates for the GPS units that certain wolf pack members have, thereby allowing ranchers to move their livestock to areas away from wolf packs and bring their herds back intact.  Another successful and new development is the use of fox lights that emit pulsing strobe effects; these cause wolves to move away from livestock to areas where they will find more cover. 

Predation Statistics have not changed significantly since November 2012, although with more wolves on the landscape, there are inevitably more incidents.  Established wolf packs are stable, with members who remain with the pack throughout their lives, and enhances survival rates of offspring when they can remain with their natal pack at least to adulthood.  Wolves that do not disperse have higher survival rates.  Scientists studying pack disruption now recognize that breeder loss and the resulting social instability of complex wolf packs can cause greater livestock predation if it results in pack disintegration and dispersing individuals, who would have remained in their natal pack, are forced to search individually for prey while seeking to form a new pack. 

Research shows that wolf populations can sustain moderate levels of mortality each year; however, a next step may be to eliminate breeders from hunting expeditions to avoid the impacts associated with breeder loss while still reaching management targets on the landscape.
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